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Staking is a public good for the Ethereum ecosystem. You can help secure the network and earn rewards in the process.
Staking is the act of depositing 32 ETH to activate validator software. As a validator you’ll be responsible for storing data, processing transactions, and adding new blocks to the blockchain. This will keep Ethereum secure for everyone and earn you new ETH in the process. This process, known as proof-of-stake, is being introduced by the Beacon Chain.
Rewards are given for actions that help the network reach consensus. You'll get rewards for batching transactions into a new block or checking the work of other validators because that's what keeps the chain running securely.
Although you can earn rewards for doing work that benefits the network, you can lose ETH for malicious actions, going offline, and failing to validate.
You'll need 32 ETH to become a full validator or some ETH to join a staking pool. You'll also need to run an 'Eth1' or Mainnet client. The launchpad will walk you through the process and hardware requirements. Alternatively, you can use a backend API.
How to stake
It all depends on how much you are willing to stake. You'll need 32 to become a full validator, but it is possible to stake less.
Stake solo and run a validator
To begin the staking process, you’ll need to use the Eth2 launchpad. This will walk you through all the setup. Part of staking is running an Eth2 client, which is a local copy of the blockchain. This can take a while to download onto your computer.
Check the deposit address
If you’ve already followed the setup instructions on the launchpad, you’ll know you need to send a transaction to the staking deposit contract. We recommend you check the address very carefully. You can find the official address on ethereum.org and a number of other trusted sites.
Ethereum is a smart contract platform that enables developers to build decentralized applications (DApps) on its blockchain. Ether (ETH) is the native digital currency of the Ethereum platform. Ethereum is supported in part by the Ethereum Foundation, a non-profit that is part of the larger Ethereum ecosystem including enterprise Ethereum consortiums like the Ethereum Enterprise Alliance.